Maps and posters

 

Mapping of the ǂKhomani San connections to their lands in the southern Kalahari was a crucial part of the work done in preparation for the 1999 land claim, and continued after the claim as a community cultural heritage project. Maps and posters were made of San place names, areas of special importance for living as well as for hunting and gathering, and the location of San graves. All possible features of both tangible and intangible heritage that could be shown in graphic form were recorded – in stories, directly onto map sheets and on film. All of this material, from original notes to sound recordings to drafts of the different maps and posters is also now in the archive.

The methodology of this work at first came from Canadian experience of land claims research.  Hugh Brody, having worked on cultural mapping projects in the Canadian North, was invited to work with Nigel Crawhall and South African San Institute (SASI) on the southern Kalahari land claim.  In due course, the methodology for this project took its own path, with Nigel Crawhall and Hugh Brody, helped by Bill Kemp and Valter Blasevic, who collected GIS data and digitised the materials. This resulted in a series of printed maps and posters.  Within the San community, all the elders and a number of younger men and women worked tirelessly on the preparation of data for the maps and posters, including Dawid Kruiper, Jakob Malgas, Anna Swarts, Petrus Vaalbooi, Elsie Vaalbooi, ǀUna Rooi, Kheis Brou, Vytjie ǀAbaka Koper and Magdalena Kassie.

 

ǂKhomani San Trees

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Family". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Family : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Family". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Love". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Love : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Love". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Camel Thorn tree as "The Tree of Life". The poster includes photographs of Camel Thorn tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Family : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Camel Thorn tree as "The Tree of Life". The poster includes photographs of Camel Thorn tree as well as San people.

 

This poster introduces and outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. This explains the forced removal and land claim of the San including the influence of Donald Bain. The map in the poster's centre shows ǂA ka ǂnaus, the traditional Living Area of ǂKhomani San (including the Tree of Life, Tree of Love, Tree of Family and Tree of Healing) within the Kalagadi Transfrontier National Park. Photographic images depict Donald Bain and an image of Bushmen being trucked to his Empire Exhibition.

ǂKhomani San : trees are our heritage, Map item #23

This poster introduces and outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. This explains the forced removal and land claim of the San including the influence of Donald Bain. The map in the poster's centre shows ǂA ka ǂnaus, the traditional Living Area of ǂKhomani San (including the Tree of Life, Tree of Love, Tree of Family and Tree of Healing) within the Kalagadi Transfrontier National Park. Photographic images depict Donald Bain and an image of Bushmen being trucked to his Empire Exhibition.

 

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the ǂKhomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction childhood and growing up in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

A tree full of children

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the ǂKhomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction childhood and growing up in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Healing". The Poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Healing : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Healing". The Poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

ǂKhomani San Posters and Maps

|Una Rooi was instrumental in the data collection process for the ǂKhomani San Land Claim application. Born in 1931, she was a fluent N|uu speaker and taught N|uu and San cultural history to children in Andriesvale, Northern Cape. She was a member of the San Council of Elders. She passed away in 2012. This poster provides biographical information of |Una Rooi's life with greater contextual information.It includes a thematic map showing her family tree and photographs of selected Kassie and Rooi members. Chiefly colour. Scale 1:600 000

A Kalahari heritage : life of Katriena |Una Kassie Rooi

|Una Rooi was instrumental in the data collection process for the ǂKhomani San Land Claim application. Born in 1931, she was a fluent N|uu speaker and taught N|uu and San cultural history to children in Andriesvale, Northern Cape. She was a member of the San Council of Elders. She passed away in 2012. This poster provides biographical information of |Una Rooi's life with greater contextual information.It includes a thematic map showing her family tree and photographs of selected Kassie and Rooi members. Chiefly colour. Scale 1:600 000

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within and around the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman and Jakob Malgas, Map item #16

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within and around the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

A draft map showing the distribution of N|uu, !Kung and Khoekhoegowab languages throughout Southern Africa. [Scale included]

Language map : draft, Map item #3

A draft map showing the distribution of N|uu, !Kung and Khoekhoegowab languages throughout Southern Africa. [Scale included]

 

A draft map showing the living site on the western boundary of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The map focuses on the living site and it's relation to water and fertile grounds for hunting and gathering, with specific reference to truffles. [Scale included]

Living site at the Western Boundary : draft, Map item #6; Map item #28

A draft map showing the living site on the western boundary of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The map focuses on the living site and it's relation to water and fertile grounds for hunting and gathering, with specific reference to truffles. [Scale included]

 

Map showing the ǂHanassen-Kruiper family territories in the Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of selected family members. Also included are personal anecdotes as well as notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

A Kalahari heritage : ǂHanasen-Kruiper Family territory

Map showing the ǂHanassen-Kruiper family territories in the Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of selected family members. Also included are personal anecdotes as well as notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

 

A draft map showing sites of cultural significance to the ǂKhomani San in the South African portion of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The information was obtained from Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman, a San community member and a ranger in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park at the time. [Scale included]

Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman provides locations of traditional place names : draft, Map item #5

A draft map showing sites of cultural significance to the ǂKhomani San in the South African portion of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The information was obtained from Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman, a San community member and a ranger in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park at the time. [Scale included]

 

This map shows the Malgas-Witbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of selected family members. [Scale included]

A Kalahari heritage : Malgas-Witbooi Family territory

This map shows the Malgas-Witbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of selected family members. [Scale included]

 

A hand-drawn map, showing the distribution of numerous San languages throughout the Southern Kalahari. It makes reference to the work of fellow researchers and scholars including Clement Doke, Dorothea Bleek, and Anthony Traill. [Hand-drawn language diagram]

Watter tale?, Map item #22

A hand-drawn map, showing the distribution of numerous San languages throughout the Southern Kalahari. It makes reference to the work of fellow researchers and scholars including Clement Doke, Dorothea Bleek, and Anthony Traill. [Hand-drawn language diagram]

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Jakob Malgas, Map item #14

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

A draft map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing three of the San community's important hunting grounds and an important gathering ground. Additional information includes waterholes, rivers, travelling routes and living sites. [Scale included]

Important hunting grounds : draft, Map item #27; 26

A draft map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing three of the San community's important hunting grounds and an important gathering ground. Additional information includes waterholes, rivers, travelling routes and living sites. [Scale included]

 

Confronting historical bias, this poster states it is "making the invisible visible" through various activities displayed in eighteen photographs. These images show members of the San community engaged in language and community development workshops.

Cultural heritage and rebuilding the ǂKhomani San community, Map item #29

Confronting historical bias, this poster states it is "making the invisible visible" through various activities displayed in eighteen photographs. These images show members of the San community engaged in language and community development workshops.

 

This map shows the Malgas, Jantjies-Koerant family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members. Scale 1:500 000

A Kalahari heritage : Malgas, Jantjies-Koerant family territory

This map shows the Malgas, Jantjies-Koerant family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members. Scale 1:500 000

 

An untitled map showing the location of several San villages as well as small towns and rest camps in the Northern Cape, South Africa

[Map showing location of various villages, towns, and rest camps], Map item #33

An untitled map showing the location of several San villages as well as small towns and rest camps in the Northern Cape, South Africa

 

A draft map showing three important hunting grounds and an important gathering area. Additional information includes waterholes, rivers, traveling routes and living sites. [Scale included]

Jakob Malgas : traditional land use and occupancy : draft, Map item #18

A draft map showing three important hunting grounds and an important gathering area. Additional information includes waterholes, rivers, traveling routes and living sites. [Scale included]

 

A hand-drawn map of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the immediate surroundings indicating the distribution of water points through the San community's living area. Handwritten notes draw attention to further details around water availability and cleanliness in the different areas

Importance of fresh water points concentrated in the lower section versus land towards Mata Mata, Map item #32

A hand-drawn map of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the immediate surroundings indicating the distribution of water points through the San community's living area. Handwritten notes draw attention to further details around water availability and cleanliness in the different areas

 

This map of Northern Cape, South Africa (and sections of Namibia and Botswana) displays preliminary results of land usage and occupancy data derived from interviews conducted during the Cultural Resource Audit between 1997 and April 2001. The map includes various points of cultural significance in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park including settlements, waterholes and routes through the desert. Scale 1:200 000. [Coordinates estimated]

Land use and occupancy for the South Africa sector of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

This map of Northern Cape, South Africa (and sections of Namibia and Botswana) displays preliminary results of land usage and occupancy data derived from interviews conducted during the Cultural Resource Audit between 1997 and April 2001. The map includes various points of cultural significance in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park including settlements, waterholes and routes through the desert. Scale 1:200 000. [Coordinates estimated]

 

A colour map showing the area where Jakob Malgas grew up. The map's text reveals a brief history and insight into the history of the area revealing how Bushmen used to live and contains information about animals (springhare, porcupine, and leopards) and important hunting and gathering grounds with specific reference to berries at the Gray Camel Tree, an important meeting place for the community. [Scale included]

Jakob Malgas childhood area 4 : draft, Map item #10; Map item # 28;

A colour map showing the area where Jakob Malgas grew up. The map's text reveals a brief history and insight into the history of the area revealing how Bushmen used to live and contains information about animals (springhare, porcupine, and leopards) and important hunting and gathering grounds with specific reference to berries at the Gray Camel Tree, an important meeting place for the community. [Scale included]

 

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The area where Jakob Malgas' grew up is revealed in an open window.

[Screenshot of GPS data maps], Map item #9

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The area where Jakob Malgas' grew up is revealed in an open window.

 

A hand-drawn map, showing the distribution of numerous San communities (and their languages) throughout the San's extended living area in Southern Africa. The map also contains the Bushmen names for various places and rivers. The map makes reference to the work and terminology of researchers and scholars including Dorothea Bleek, Raymond Dart, Hendrik Pieter Steyn and Nigel Crawhall. [Hand-drawn ethnographic diagram]

Which Bushmen? Watter Boesmans?, Map item #21

A hand-drawn map, showing the distribution of numerous San communities (and their languages) throughout the San's extended living area in Southern Africa. The map also contains the Bushmen names for various places and rivers. The map makes reference to the work and terminology of researchers and scholars including Dorothea Bleek, Raymond Dart, Hendrik Pieter Steyn and Nigel Crawhall. [Hand-drawn ethnographic diagram]

 

Map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman and Jakob Malgas, Map item #8

Map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the ‡Khomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction to the cartographic processes used in the ‡Khomani San Land Claim research process.

Making maps

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the ‡Khomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction to the cartographic processes used in the ‡Khomani San Land Claim research process.

 

This map shows the Vaalbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members as well as personal anecdotes and notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

A Kalahari heritage : Vaalbooi family territory

This map shows the Vaalbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members as well as personal anecdotes and notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

 

This poster showing the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park with traditional place names and a blurb of each name. The poster also includes brief sections on "Place Names and San Knowledge", "Who are the San", and "Re-Establishing San Place Names".Includes photographs of the surrounding area and scenes of every day life.

Indigenous place names of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

This poster showing the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park with traditional place names and a blurb of each name. The poster also includes brief sections on "Place Names and San Knowledge", "Who are the San", and "Re-Establishing San Place Names".Includes photographs of the surrounding area and scenes of every day life.

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : |Una Rooi, |Abaka Koper, Kheis Brou, Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman, Jakob and Lena Malgas, Map item #12

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

A map showing new San settlements including the Kruiper settlement and the new Swartkop settlement in the Northern Cape, South Africa, just outside of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Approximate scale 1:175 000

Survey of new Bushman settlements, Map item #7

A map showing new San settlements including the Kruiper settlement and the new Swartkop settlement in the Northern Cape, South Africa, just outside of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Approximate scale 1:175 000

 

A draft map showing the use of territory by the San community in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park. The map shows the location of Bushmen settlements (including a large camp at Union's End) and includes information about hunting and gathering grounds, waterholes, and the history of the area. [Scale included]

Traditional use of the territory by the Bushmen within the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park : (based on Field Survey, September 1999) : draft, Map item #17

A draft map showing the use of territory by the San community in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park. The map shows the location of Bushmen settlements (including a large camp at Union's End) and includes information about hunting and gathering grounds, waterholes, and the history of the area. [Scale included]

 

A draft thematic map showing different types of terrain in the Southern region of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It identifies terrains include open plains, savanna, and different types of dunes. [Scale included]

Landscape : draft, Map item #2

A draft thematic map showing different types of terrain in the Southern region of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It identifies terrains include open plains, savanna, and different types of dunes. [Scale included]

 

This map shows the original Khoekhoegowab place names of sites in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park as recounted by ǂKhomani and other San informants, includes an inset map of the Northern Cape province (bordering with Namibia and Botswana). The place names usually reflect the characteristics or the use of the area. The map includes photographs of San contributors and archival images from D.F. Bleek and A.M. Duggan-Cronin. [Scale included]. [Coordinates estimated]

Southern Kalahari San place names, Map item #24; Map item #31

This map shows the original Khoekhoegowab place names of sites in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park as recounted by ǂKhomani and other San informants, includes an inset map of the Northern Cape province (bordering with Namibia and Botswana). The place names usually reflect the characteristics or the use of the area. The map includes photographs of San contributors and archival images from D.F. Bleek and A.M. Duggan-Cronin. [Scale included]. [Coordinates estimated]

 

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The details of one point - a water hole - are revealed in an open window.

[Screenshot of GPS data maps], Map item #9

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The details of one point - a water hole - are revealed in an open window.

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Jakob Malgas, Map item #13

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

This poster provides information about the death and burial of a number of San community members within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It includes an inset map showing the Nossob and Twee Rivieren rest camps in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. [Scale included]

Grave sites at Bushman Camp 1934-36, Map item #4

This poster provides information about the death and burial of a number of San community members within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It includes an inset map showing the Nossob and Twee Rivieren rest camps in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. [Scale included]

 

A poster showing members of the San community and scenes from everyday life. Photographed subjects include Jakob Malgas and his son, Abraham Malgas, !Uruke (Abraham Witbooi) & !Qoike. Other photographs depict tsamma melons and gemsbok. Poster includes a quote by !Uruke: "I must not be put into prison for eating as my father ate".

The San people of the southern Kalahari, Map item #30

A poster showing members of the San community and scenes from everyday life. Photographed subjects include Jakob Malgas and his son, Abraham Malgas, !Uruke (Abraham Witbooi) & !Qoike. Other photographs depict tsamma melons and gemsbok. Poster includes a quote by !Uruke: "I must not be put into prison for eating as my father ate".

 

An untitled map of a section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park with a shaded area believed to indicate the 500 square kilometres protectorate given to the ǂKhomani San for their use. [Scale included]

[Map of a section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park], Map item #7

An untitled map of a section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park with a shaded area believed to indicate the 500 square kilometres protectorate given to the ǂKhomani San for their use. [Scale included]

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman and Jakob Jaggers, Map item #15

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

This map shows the |Khasi-Kassie family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree, photographs of selected family members and their anecdotes. It also includes personal and family stories relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

A Kalahari heritage : |Khasi-Kassie Family territory

This map shows the |Khasi-Kassie family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree, photographs of selected family members and their anecdotes. It also includes personal and family stories relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

 

A draft map showing a historical San living site in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier park near a water hole called Debo. The name describes the taste of the water as "neither salty nor fresh".[Scale included]

DEBO (Houmoed) : "between fresh and salt" : draft, Map item #6

A draft map showing a historical San living site in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier park near a water hole called Debo. The name describes the taste of the water as "neither salty nor fresh".[Scale included]

 

A draft map showing the migration of several San communities and the dispersal of numerous San languages throughout South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. [Scale included]

Ethnographic map : draft, Map item #1

A draft map showing the migration of several San communities and the dispersal of numerous San languages throughout South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. [Scale included]

 

This poster includes a thematic map showing "the distribution of the original !Ui-Taa languages spoken by San people in South Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries" including |Xam, Seroa, ||Kũ||e, |Uingkekwe, #Unkwe, N|u, N|uu, ||Xegwi, !Gã!ne, |'Auo, |Haasi, Sesarwa, N|usan, and !Xóõ. The poster includes a guide to the various languages and photographs of various speakers. [Scale included]

!Ui-Taa languages in South Africa : past and present

This poster includes a thematic map showing "the distribution of the original !Ui-Taa languages spoken by San people in South Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries" including |Xam, Seroa, ||Kũ||e, |Uingkekwe, #Unkwe, N|u, N|uu, ||Xegwi, !Gã!ne, |'Auo, |Haasi, Sesarwa, N|usan, and !Xóõ. The poster includes a guide to the various languages and photographs of various speakers. [Scale included]

 

A colour map showing the living areas of the San within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in 1960. The map's text - primarily based on the biography and recollections of Jakob Malgas - provides a brief history of the area revealing how the San community used to live. The original large camp, was west of the Auob River and nearby a camp site used by borehole watchers during the German War. The map also contains information about animals (springbok, bees, porcupines and fish) as well as important hunting and gathering grounds (including the annual collection of honey). [Scale included]

Living area in 1960 : draft, Map item #11; Map item #28

A colour map showing the living areas of the San within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in 1960. The map's text - primarily based on the biography and recollections of Jakob Malgas - provides a brief history of the area revealing how the San community used to live. The original large camp, was west of the Auob River and nearby a camp site used by borehole watchers during the German War. The map also contains information about animals (springbok, bees, porcupines and fish) as well as important hunting and gathering grounds (including the annual collection of honey). [Scale included]

 

This map shows the movement and displacement of San people (and San languages) across South Africa's Northern Cape province as well as parts of Namibia and Botswana. The map explains this displacement in relation to the German-Nama War, the cultural impact of sharing water with "Baster and Coloured settlers", as well as German and British colonisation efforts. Scale 1:600 000

20th century southern Kalahari San, Map item #19; Map item #20

This map shows the movement and displacement of San people (and San languages) across South Africa's Northern Cape province as well as parts of Namibia and Botswana. The map explains this displacement in relation to the German-Nama War, the cultural impact of sharing water with "Baster and Coloured settlers", as well as German and British colonisation efforts. Scale 1:600 000

 

Enchance our collection

The ǂKhomani San were scattered over the Northern Cape over a long period of dispossession. In the documentation process undertaken by SASI and the Brody team, not all the information was recorded. The ǂKhomani community is invited to submit information that is missing or needs improvement. Please submit your enhancements to the collection.

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