Maps and posters

 

Mapping of the ǂKhomani San connections to their lands in the southern Kalahari was a crucial part of the work done in preparation for the 1999 land claim, and continued after the claim as a community cultural heritage project. Maps and posters were made of San place names, areas of special importance for living as well as for hunting and gathering, and the location of San graves. All possible features of both tangible and intangible heritage that could be shown in graphic form were recorded – in stories, directly onto map sheets and on film. All of this material, from original notes to sound recordings to drafts of the different maps and posters is also now in the archive.

The methodology of this work at first came from Canadian experience of land claims research.  Hugh Brody, having worked on cultural mapping projects in the Canadian North, was invited to work with Nigel Crawhall and South African San Institute (SASI) on the southern Kalahari land claim.  In due course, the methodology for this project took its own path, with Nigel Crawhall and Hugh Brody, helped by Bill Kemp and Valter Blasevic, who collected GIS data and digitised the materials. This resulted in a series of printed maps and posters.  Within the San community, all the elders and a number of younger men and women worked tirelessly on the preparation of data for the maps and posters, including Dawid Kruiper, Jakob Malgas, Anna Swarts, Petrus Vaalbooi, Elsie Vaalbooi, ǀUna Rooi, Kheis Brou, Vytjie ǀAbaka Koper and Magdalena Kassie.

 

ǂKhomani San Trees

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the Khomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction childhood and growing up in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

A tree full of children

This short clip is an extract from Tracks Across Sand: the Khomani San of the southern Kalahari : the story of a land claim, and provides a brief introduction childhood and growing up in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Family". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Family : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Family". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

This poster introduces and outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. This explains the forced removal and land claim of the San including the influence of Donald Bain. The map in the poster's centre shows ǂA ka ǂnaus, the traditional Living Area of ǂKhomani San (including the Tree of Life, Tree of Love, Tree of Family and Tree of Healing) within the Kalagadi Transfrontier National Park. Photographic images depict Donald Bain and an image of Bushmen being trucked to his Empire Exhibition.

ǂKhomani San : trees are our heritage, Map item #23

This poster introduces and outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. This explains the forced removal and land claim of the San including the influence of Donald Bain. The map in the poster's centre shows ǂA ka ǂnaus, the traditional Living Area of ǂKhomani San (including the Tree of Life, Tree of Love, Tree of Family and Tree of Healing) within the Kalagadi Transfrontier National Park. Photographic images depict Donald Bain and an image of Bushmen being trucked to his Empire Exhibition.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Love". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Love : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Love". The poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Healing". The Poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

ǂKhomani San : Tree of Healing : trees are our heritage

This poster outlines the cultural and natural heritage of the San people. It explores the cultural and symbolic value of the Shepherd's Bush tree as "The Tree of Healing". The Poster includes photographs of Shepherd's Bush tree as well as San people.

 

ǂKhomani San Posters and Maps

A map showing new San settlements including the Kruiper settlement and the new Swartkop settlement in the Northern Cape, South Africa, just outside of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Approximate scale 1:175 000

Survey of new Bushman settlements, Map item #7

A map showing new San settlements including the Kruiper settlement and the new Swartkop settlement in the Northern Cape, South Africa, just outside of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Approximate scale 1:175 000

 

This map of Northern Cape, South Africa (and sections of Namibia and Botswana) displays preliminary results of land usage and occupancy data derived from interviews conducted during the Cultural Resource Audit between 1997 and April 2001. The map includes various points of cultural significance in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park including settlements, waterholes and routes through the desert. Scale 1:200 000. [Coordinates estimated]

Land use and occupancy for the South Africa sector of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

This map of Northern Cape, South Africa (and sections of Namibia and Botswana) displays preliminary results of land usage and occupancy data derived from interviews conducted during the Cultural Resource Audit between 1997 and April 2001. The map includes various points of cultural significance in the South African section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park including settlements, waterholes and routes through the desert. Scale 1:200 000. [Coordinates estimated]

 

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The area where Jakob Malgas' grew up is revealed in an open window.

[Screenshot of GPS data maps], Map item #9

A screenshot of geo-positioning software showing several points within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The area where Jakob Malgas' grew up is revealed in an open window.

 

A draft map showing the distribution of N|uu, !Kung and Khoekhoegowab languages throughout Southern Africa. [Scale included]

Language map : draft, Map item #3

A draft map showing the distribution of N|uu, !Kung and Khoekhoegowab languages throughout Southern Africa. [Scale included]

 

A hand-drawn map of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the immediate surroundings indicating the distribution of water points through the San community's living area. Handwritten notes draw attention to further details around water availability and cleanliness in the different areas

Importance of fresh water points concentrated in the lower section versus land towards Mata Mata, Map item #32

A hand-drawn map of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the immediate surroundings indicating the distribution of water points through the San community's living area. Handwritten notes draw attention to further details around water availability and cleanliness in the different areas

 

This map shows the Vaalbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members as well as personal anecdotes and notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

A Kalahari heritage : Vaalbooi family territory

This map shows the Vaalbooi family territories in Northern Cape, South Africa. It includes a family tree and photographs of family members as well as personal anecdotes and notes relating to how and why the family moved. [Scale included]

 

This map shows the original Khoekhoegowab place names of sites in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park as recounted by ǂKhomani and other San informants, includes an inset map of the Northern Cape province (bordering with Namibia and Botswana). The place names usually reflect the characteristics or the use of the area. The map includes photographs of San contributors and archival images from D.F. Bleek and A.M. Duggan-Cronin. [Scale included]. [Coordinates estimated]

Southern Kalahari San place names, Map item #24; Map item #31

This map shows the original Khoekhoegowab place names of sites in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park as recounted by ǂKhomani and other San informants, includes an inset map of the Northern Cape province (bordering with Namibia and Botswana). The place names usually reflect the characteristics or the use of the area. The map includes photographs of San contributors and archival images from D.F. Bleek and A.M. Duggan-Cronin. [Scale included]. [Coordinates estimated]

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman and Jakob Jaggers, Map item #15

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

This poster provides information about the death and burial of a number of San community members within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It includes an inset map showing the Nossob and Twee Rivieren rest camps in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. [Scale included]

Grave sites at Bushman Camp 1934-36, Map item #4

This poster provides information about the death and burial of a number of San community members within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It includes an inset map showing the Nossob and Twee Rivieren rest camps in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. [Scale included]

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : |Una Rooi, |Abaka Koper, Kheis Brou, Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman, Jakob and Lena Malgas, Map item #12

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

A colour map showing the living areas of the San within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in 1960. The map's text - primarily based on the biography and recollections of Jakob Malgas - provides a brief history of the area revealing how the San community used to live. The original large camp, was west of the Auob River and nearby a camp site used by borehole watchers during the German War. The map also contains information about animals (springbok, bees, porcupines and fish) as well as important hunting and gathering grounds (including the annual collection of honey). [Scale included]

Living area in 1960 : draft, Map item #11; Map item #28

A colour map showing the living areas of the San within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in 1960. The map's text - primarily based on the biography and recollections of Jakob Malgas - provides a brief history of the area revealing how the San community used to live. The original large camp, was west of the Auob River and nearby a camp site used by borehole watchers during the German War. The map also contains information about animals (springbok, bees, porcupines and fish) as well as important hunting and gathering grounds (including the annual collection of honey). [Scale included]

 

This map shows the movement and displacement of San people (and San languages) across South Africa's Northern Cape province as well as parts of Namibia and Botswana. The map explains this displacement in relation to the German-Nama War, the cultural impact of sharing water with "Baster and Coloured settlers", as well as German and British colonisation efforts. Scale 1:600 000

20th century southern Kalahari San, Map item #19; Map item #20

This map shows the movement and displacement of San people (and San languages) across South Africa's Northern Cape province as well as parts of Namibia and Botswana. The map explains this displacement in relation to the German-Nama War, the cultural impact of sharing water with "Baster and Coloured settlers", as well as German and British colonisation efforts. Scale 1:600 000

 

A draft map showing the migration of several San communities and the dispersal of numerous San languages throughout South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. [Scale included]

Ethnographic map : draft, Map item #1

A draft map showing the migration of several San communities and the dispersal of numerous San languages throughout South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. [Scale included]

 

Map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Karel "Vet Piet" Kleinman and Jakob Malgas, Map item #8

Map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

GPS Land Use and Occupancy Survey : Jakob Malgas, Map item #14

A map of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park showing various numbered points of interest within the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. There is no legend but these numbers are believed to correspond with GPS co-ordinates taken at sites of cultural significance gleaned from interviews with members of the San community.

 

Enchance our collection

The ǂKhomani San were scattered over the Northern Cape over a long period of dispossession. In the documentation process undertaken by SASI and the Brody team, not all the information was recorded. The ǂKhomani community is invited to submit information that is missing or needs improvement. Please submit your enhancements to the collection.

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